文章摘要
用煤基电极从贵金属贫液中电化学沉积钯的研究
Electrochemical Deposition of Palladium from the Barren Solution of Precious Metal Using Coal-based Electrodes
投稿时间:2018-08-20  
DOI:
中文关键词: 电化学  煤基结构电极    微孔  吸附  沉积
英文关键词: electrochemical  coal-based electrode  palladium  micropore  adsorption  deposition
基金项目:国家自然科学青年基金项目(51204130,51504180)、金川公司-西安建筑科技大学预研基金(YY1403)
作者单位E-mail
宋永辉 西安建筑科技大学 冶金工程学院西安 710055;陕西省黄金与资源重点实验室西安 710055 syh1231@126.com 
雷思明 西安建筑科技大学 冶金工程学院西安 710055;陕西省黄金与资源重点实验室西安 710055  
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中文摘要:
      用孔径分布仪、扫描电镜及能谱和电化学工作站对自制煤基电极材料的孔隙结构、表面形貌、电化学性能及该电极用于处理贵金属贫液中钯的效果进行了研究。结果表明,煤基材料的微孔率大于80%,电极表面对钯配离子有较强的附着能力,但其内部孔道扩散阻力较大;影响钯去除率的因素依次为时间、温度、电压,当外加电压为1.6 V,40℃处理6 h后,贫液中145 mg/L的钯去除率可达到99.32%,金属钯在阴极和阳极均有沉积。机理探讨认为,在阳极电吸附和阴极电解沉积的共同作用下,溶液中的钯离子沉积到电极表面。
英文摘要:
      Recovery of Pd from the barren solution of precious metals was studied by using the electrochemical process with the self-made coal-based material as an electrode. The pore structure, shape and performance of the electrode material were investigated with the aid of the pore size distribution, scanning electron microscopy, energy spectrum and electrochemical workstation. The results showed that the microporosity of the material was more than 80%. The palladium ions had strong adhesion ability on the surface but with large diffusion resistance in the internal channel of the electrode. The influence factors of palladium deposition included the depositing time, electro-bath temperature and voltage. Up to 99.32% recovery rate of palladium could be accomplished when the deposition was carried out for 6 hours at 40℃ with the bath voltage of 1.6 V. The deposition of palladium in the anode, was also observed, probably due to the electric attraction of PdCl42- on the positively charged anode.
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